What is the National Anthem in Canada?
With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
From far and wide,
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
"O Canada!" is the national anthem of Canada. The music was composed by Calixa Lavallee, and the original French lyrics were written by sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier, as a French-Canadian patriotic song for the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society. The official English version is based on a poem written by Robert Stanley Weir in 1908. It is not a translation of the French. Changes to the English version were made in 1968 following recommendations made by a Special Joint Committee of the Senate and House of Commons. The National Anthem Act of 1980 added a religious reference to the English Lyrics.
"God Save the Queen" was used as a national anthem before the adoption of "O Canada". It is now Canada's royal anthem.
God save our gracious Queen,
Thy choicest gifts in store,
O Lord, our God, arise,
Not in this land alone,
From every latent foe,
Lord grant that Marshal Wade
Here is the French version of "O Canada" translated into English.
O Canada! Home of our ancestors,
In recent years, the English version of the anthem has been criticized by feminists for being sexist because of the line "true patriot love in all thy sons command". However, if one sings the first two lines in French, the next four in English, and ends the song in French, one avoids both sexist language and religious references. It expresses national unity, and remains unimpeachable on grounds of revisionism, as both versions are just as official.